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Jean Baptiste LULLY

photo Jean Baptiste LULLY

Jean Baptiste Lully, born Giovanni Battista Lulli in Florence November 28, 1632 [1] and died in Paris March 22, 1687, was a French composer of Italian origin, Superintendent of the Music of Louis XIV. By his gifts as a musician and organizer as well as courtier and intriguing, Lully dominated the entire musical life in France at the time of the Sun King. He was responsible for several forms that he organized or designed: lyric tragedy, the motet, the French overture. His influence over the entire European music of his time was great, and many of the most gifted (Henry Purcell, George Frideric Handel, Johann Sebastian Bach, Jean-Philippe Rameau) are indebted to him in one capacity or another. Came to France in 1646 [2], as a boy he entered the service chamber of the Duchess of Montpensier (la Grande Mademoiselle), who wanted to improve his knowledge of Italian. At the age of thirteen, manifesting serious aptitude for music, he learned the violin, guitar, harpsichord, showed excellent dancer and joined the Big Band of Violins of the King, consisting of 24 instruments. In 1653, Lully danced with the king in the Ballet of the Night. He quickly gained the leadership of a new group: The Gang of Small Violins. Perfect courtier and shrewd businessman, he soon became the first court composer, and his tunes and ballets devoted his reputation. Supported by Louis XIV, he became a composer of chamber, then superintendent of royal music. Naturalized French in 1661, he married a few months later Madeleine Lambert, whose father, Michael Lambert, head of music at Mademoiselle de Montpensier. They had six children, three son who in turn were musicians (Louis Jean-Baptiste II and Jean-Louis) and three daughters, the eldest, Catherine Magdalene, married in 1684 Jean-Nicolas de Francine, who will succeed Lully at the head of the Royal Academy of Music. From 1664, Lully worked regularly with Molière (who called him "the libertine"), creating the kind of comedy-ballet, but did not renounce the court ballets. Parts of it are then a combination of comedy, ballet and singing: Love doctor in 1665, the Pastoral comic in 1667, George Dandin in 1668, Mr. de Pourceaugnac in 1669, Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme and Turkishness. But in 1671 the two men quarreled and became the worst enemies. In 1672, Lully bought Perrin to the privilege of the Royal Academy of Music [3]. Laden with honors and riches, then he composed a musical tragedy about a year, eclipsing the favor he enjoyed with the king, all dramatic composers of his day: Marc-Antoine Charpentier, André Campra, Louis-Nicolas Clerambault. His favorite librettist Philippe Quinault was. In 1681, Lully reached the peak of his career as secretary to the king. Although he had six children, he was known and condemned by his enemies for his sisters sodomites m. Louis XIV had a horror of what was then called the "Italian w alls". So when in 1685, relations with Lully Brunet, a young page of the Chapel, a scandal, Lully lost some of its influence with the King who did not attend the performances of his last opera, Armida, in 1686. Lully composed his last full THEREFOR, Acis and Galatea, pastoral form of opera, for the most fickle court of the Grand Dauphin, son of Louis XIV. He died of gangrene in Paris in 1687, following a foot injury due to his "stick steering" a long, heavy iron rod which he used to beat the time by hitting the ground. This is mainly for his contribution to church music and incidental music that Lully is known to us. It will be remembered as the true creator of French opera. He composed 14 lyric tragedies of which the best are perhaps Theseus (1675), Atys (1676), Phaeton (1683) and his chief-of THEREFOR Armide (1686). At home both to the church in the theater, he has authored more than 20 grands motets, including the famous Te Deum of 1677, as well as 11 small motets a more Italianate style. Bust by Antoine Coysevox Lully's grave in the Basilica of Our Lady of Victories in Paris. Admired by musicians of his time, he was played continuously until the Revolution of 1789, and his influence was huge in France on his countrymen as François Couperin, Marin Marais, Michel-Richard Delalande, Jean-Philippe Rameau, but also throughout Europe. The guardians of its tradition in 1733 fueled the so-called Quarrel of the Lullystes and Ramists. Some of his students contributed to the influence of his style outside France: in the Germanic countries Georg Muffat (who has also described in the prefaces to his editions of Lully practices for instrumentation, ornamentation, beatings bows and discipline of the orchestra), Johann Sigismund Kusser (who was in France on behalf of Cousser), Johann Caspar Ferdinand Fischer and Italian Vincenzo and Agostino Steffani Albrici.
Google machine translation: Jean Baptiste LULLY's original bio

cover SUR UN AIR DE LULLY Robert Martin
SUR UN AIR DE LULLY
Jean Baptiste LULLY
Arr : Paul FLORENTIN
Publisher : Robert Martin
Genre : Orchestra
Group : Drum-fanfare
Style & options : Large music group
Set Wind Band (LULL07752-BA) : 52,80

cover LE BOURGEOIS GENTILHOMME (1670) Robert Martin
LE BOURGEOIS GENTILHOMME (1670)
Jean Baptiste LULLY
Arr : Franck MASQUELIER
Publisher : Robert Martin
Genre : Instrumental music
Group : Flute
Style & options : Flute ensemble
(LULL05958) : 31,47

cover Menuet du Bouregeois Gentilhomme Robert Martin
Menuet du Bouregeois Gentilhomme
Jean Baptiste LULLY
Arr : Philippe VADROT
Publisher : Robert Martin
Genre : Orchestra
Group : Wind band
Style & options : Classical music
Set Wind Band (LULL03799-BA) : 75,91
Full score (LULL03799-CO) : 26,38

cover Triomphe de Lully (le), Alceste - Atys Robert Martin
Triomphe de Lully (le), Alceste - Atys
Jean Baptiste LULLY
Arr : Jean Claude AMIOT
Publisher : Robert Martin
Genre : Orchestra
Group : Wind band
Style & options : Classical music
Set Wind Band (LULL03069-BA) : 159,52
Full score (LULL03069-CO) : 42,20

cover Marche Pour la Cérémonie des Turcs Robert Martin
Marche Pour la Cérémonie des Turcs
Jean Baptiste LULLY
Arr : Jean Claude AMIOT
Publisher : Robert Martin
Genre : Orchestra
Group : Wind band
Style & options : Classical music
Set Wind Band (LULL02392-BA) : 110,02
Full score (LULL02392-CO) : 36,93

cover Prélude et Marche Triomphale Robert Martin
Prélude et Marche Triomphale
Jean Baptiste LULLY
Arr : Jean Claude AMIOT
Publisher : Robert Martin
Genre : Orchestra
Group : Wind band
Style & options : Classical music
Set Wind Band (LULL00160-BA) : 132,01
Full score (LULL00160-CO) : 36,93

cover Menuet du Bourgeois Gentilhomme Robert Martin
Menuet du Bourgeois Gentilhomme
Jean Baptiste LULLY
Arr : Fernand ANDRIEU
Publisher : Robert Martin
Genre : Orchestra
Group : Wind band
Style & options : Classical music
Set Wind Band (LULL00159-BA) : 52,80
Full score (LULL00159-CO) : 15,00

cover Marche des Mousquetaires Noirs, Avec Batterie Fanfare Robert Martin
Marche des Mousquetaires Noirs, Avec Batterie Fanfare
Jean Baptiste LULLY
Arr : Jean Pierre COULON
Publisher : Robert Martin
Genre : Orchestra
Group : Wind band
Style & options : Concert marches
Set Wind Band (LULL00158-BA) : 63,81
Full score (LULL00158-CO) : 21,10

cover MONSIEUR DE POURCEAUGNAC Robert Martin
MONSIEUR DE POURCEAUGNAC
Jean Baptiste LULLY
Publisher : Robert Martin
Genre : Instrumental music
Group : Early Music
(CHAR05837) : 20,06

cover Neuf Trios Jean-Baptiste Lully Robert Martin
Neuf Trios Jean-Baptiste Lully
Jean Baptiste LULLY
Publisher : Robert Martin
Genre : Instrumental music
Group : Flute
Style & options : Recorder
(AZ1255) : 14,45

cover Royal March Marc Reift
Royal March
Jean Baptiste LULLY
Arr : Bertrand MOREN
Publisher : Marc Reift
Genre : Orchestra
Group : Brass band
Set Wind Band (EMR32139-BA) : 84,40

cover Marche (Album Vol.04) Marc Reift
Marche (Album Vol.04)
Jean Baptiste LULLY
Publisher : Marc Reift
Genre : Orchestra
Group : Wind band
Set Wind Band (EMR1374/4-BA) : 81,45

cover Marche Royale Marc Reift
Marche Royale
Jean Baptiste LULLY
Arr : John Glenesk MORTIMER
Publisher : Marc Reift
Genre : Orchestra
Group : Wind band
Style & options : Concert marches
Set Wind Band (EMR12318-BA) : 94,95

cover Marche Royale Marc Reift
Marche Royale
Jean Baptiste LULLY
Arr : John Glenesk MORTIMER
Publisher : Marc Reift
Genre : Orchestra
Group : Wind band
Style & options : Classical music
Set Wind Band (EMR12226-BA) : 94,95

cover Marche Triomphale Marc Reift
Marche Triomphale
Jean Baptiste LULLY
Arr : MOUREY COLETTE
Publisher : Marc Reift
Genre : Orchestra
Group : Wind band
Style & options : Classical music
Set Wind Band (EMR11750-BA) : 116,05

cover Ballet du Roi Soleil Difem
Ballet du Roi Soleil
Jean Baptiste LULLY
Arr : GRELAT
Publisher : Difem
Genre : Orchestra
Group : Wind band
Style & options : Classical music
Set Wind Band (DIF14-BA) : 136,39

cover Marche Pour la Cérémonie des Turcs Difem
Marche Pour la Cérémonie des Turcs
Jean Baptiste LULLY
Arr : CATTIN
Publisher : Difem
Genre : Orchestra
Group : Wind band
Style & options : Classical music
Set Wind Band (DIF119-BA) : 103,19